Hi Buzzers, lots of things we can learn from history. One of it is how ancient people do trading which give the country a wealthy economy. The famous historical trade route from 2nd century BC until 14th century AD is the silk route! Silk route got its name because of the heavy silk trade in that time. It also facilitate the trading of spices, garments, fruits, and also vegetables from china, India, Arabia, Italy, and Greece. The list below are countries that connected by the silk route and if you ever travels there, you should visit most remarkable places below!
Uzbekistan is located in the center of Eurasian continent and it give them advantages to play a key role in the silk route. The city of Samarkand even known as “The Heart of The Silk Road” and also called as “The Pearl of Great Worth”, “Eden of the East”, and “Rome of the East”.
You should visit :
* Registan the heart of ancient city of Samarkand in Uzbekistan.
* Shah-i-Zinda. This beautiful mausoleum has a meaning “Tomb of the Living King”.
* Ark in Bukhara is the oldest structure in bukhara from 5th century.
Merv or also called Mary is ancient city in Turkmenistan that has function as the gate to the central Asia. From this city the trader in silk route headed to Amul, Bukhara, and Samarkand.
You should visit :
* Mausoleum of Sultan Sanjar, Its structure showed the power of Seljuq in ancient times. It was said that Sanjar, the grandson of Alp-Arslan, escaped from Khiva but when he got home he found his beautiful city had been pillaged by Turkic nomads. He then died because broken hearted.
* Gonur Tepe is archaeological site founded by Viktor Sarianidi. It was an ancient capital of Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex from 2,200 to 1,700 BCE.
Tajikistan is a picturesque city with mountains. It crossed with several routes in silk road such as Soghd route, Khatlon route, and Pamir Route.
You should visit:
* Ura Tyube is called Istravshan now. This city was a major trade center on the crossroads of historical caravan routes.
* Pamir Highway is the second longest highway in the world. During ancient times Pamir connected Tajikistan to balkh (Afghanistan) to khorog and into other routes. You will see beautiful scenery from mountains to lakes here.
* Iskanderkul lake. Alexander the Great conquest Asia and one local story said Alexander the Great and his horse are arrived on this lake, that is way the lake called Iskanderkul. Iskander for “Alexander the Great”, and Kul for “lake”.
Kyrgyzsthan is near to the Tien Shan and Pamir mountains, that is why in ancient times the caravans passing through is always remains the same. It makes the economy grows and along with it also grows rich cities, and craftsmen’s villages such as Dzhul, Suyab, Novokent, Tash, Rabat and many more.You should visit:
* Tash Rabat is known as ‘caravanserai’. The name is form roadside inn where traders on silk route usually stop and stay for a night or few days to rest.
* Osh is one of the most ancient city in Central Asia and main intermediate trade point where caravans went to Kashgar through Torugart Pass. The main attraction is mount Suleyman that also called the second Mecca.
* Gumbez Manaz is an ancient mausoleum of the great warrior and Kyrgyz hero.
The silk route across Semirechye and South Kazakhstan. The route functioned until 14 th century before wars destroyed the city.You should visit:* Almaty. This is one of the ancient city that housed its own mint. It was also a trading hub for agriculture & crafts in 10th to 14th century. One of the main attractions here is Zenkov cathedral from 19th century.
* Sayram is called Ispidzhab since Mongol conquered the city. Ispidzhab is also called the White City and the starting point of Kazakh sector to the Silk route. It also the site of the first mosque in Kazakhtan.
* Taraz is the centre of the Steppe part of the Silk road that is over 2,000 years old. It also called as “The City of Merchants”. There is Unesco world heritage you should visit named Babaji Khatun Mausoleum.