Hi Buzzers, There are many historical Kingdom that once has been lost spreading all over the world. Sometimes we don’t know this hidden gem and tend to forget it. But, It’s crucial for us to see these historical cities that have been existing for hundreds of years. It will help us to understand our civilization, and take a lesson hidden from a hundred years of ruins…
1. The Lost Kingdom of Loulan
The lost kingdom of Loulan is located on the western bank of the Lop Nur Lake in Northeast Tarim Basin in XinJiang, China. The Kingdom is used to be an oasis city which was crossed by a river. In its prime time, it had a population of 14,000 people and a part of important trading center between China and the west since it is a southern route to the ancient silk road. The reason why the Kingdom abandoned in the 3rd century is still a debate, some scholar said it was because of plague, a war of conquest, the opening of northern silk route and the Tarim river changed its course. Loulan then buried under the Taklamakan desert in 1,400 years ago.
2. Niya part of Lost Kingdom of Jingjue
Niya is part of the Kingdom of Jingjue and the most important city at its time. Niya connected merchants from all over the world through the silk route. Niya has 500 household and 3,360 residents also 500 army men. The residents of Niya is believed by the scholar leaving their house so fast as they left without able to untied their dogs in front of the dwellings. The reason why they left in a hurry is still unknown.
3. Konye – Urgench, Achaemenid Empire
Konye urgench is a town which is part of Achaemenid Empire. Konye-Urgench had already been built around 5th and 4th Centuries BC. The town was an important trading center due to its strategic location which near many main trade routes. The town is declined when Genghis Khan led the Mongol invasion and did a massacre. But, the town was able to revive again even an Arabic Traveler Ibn Battuta said the town is the largest, most beautiful and important town for the Turks because of its fine Bazaar, broad streets, buildings and various commodities. Unfortunately, in 1373, Timur attacked the town, did a massacre, and destroyed the irrigation. Since then, the town declined and abandoned in 16th century.
4. Otrar part of Kangju Empire
Otrar is a city part of Kangju Empire. Otrar has many names such as Tarban, Turaband, and Farab. Al-Farabi is born here in 870, his name means “from Farab”. Otrar reached its golden times in 10th to 12th centuries. It became a center of trade and manufacturing. It also has its own coins and city’s library which attract people from all central Asia. This city also become the first victim of Genghis Khan in 1229, The Mongol murdering and setting the houses on fire then left into ruins.
5. Sarai Capital of Golden Horde, Mongol Empire
Sarai is located 120 km north Astrakhan present-day Russia. It’s the capital of Golden Horde, a Mongol Empire. Sarai Batu is built by Batu Khan, the Mongol ruler who is a grandson of Genghis Khan. The city has multi-cultural population is around 75,000 which make the city one of the largest cities in the medieval world. The city was abandoned in 14th century for reasons unknown. The capital moved in 180 km northwest Sarai Batu and named as Sarai Berke or New Sarai.